RUMI AND MUHAMMAD IQBAL
Prof. Natalia Ilyiniçna Prigarina
Related study materials on Iqbal:
- Allam Iqbal Cyber Library (all works by Iqbal in English, Farsi & Urdu)
- Allama Iqbal Site
- International Iqbal Society
The great poet of the East Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938) mentions Rumi in his poetic works in different ways. Rumi is the character of some poems, or even of the chapters in his masnavis, he is the guide for the celestial spheres in Javid-nama. Iqbal quotes Rumi's lines and periphrases them, he refers to his sayings, or presents his whole ghazal, etc. He makes use of Rumi's style in the titles of chapters of his masnavis. In contrast to Hafez, who is never mentioned by name in Iqbal's Persian poetry (though he is quoted 55 times in the different way), and 4 times only in his Urdu poems, Rumi's name appears in the Iqbal's Persian poems around 70 times - in the second place after the Prophet Muhammad, and 23 times in the Urdu collection. The Indian scholar Vazir al- Hasan Abidi mentioned in his article that from 119 Qur'anic quotations used in Iqbal's poetry 98 coincided with those used in Masnavi-ye Maanavi.